Publications

OSS
978-9973-856-15-4
2017

Monitoring and evaluation is a crucial component of the MENA-DELP regional and national projects activities.

In this framework, a series of regional workshops aimed at projects managers and the MENADELP national beneficiary institutions were conducted to accompany countries in designing their monitoring and evaluation systems. A technical support to the projects national teams for the development of indicators calculation and dissemination tools was also provided by the Sahara and Sahel Observatory.

Different monitoring and evaluation related themes and notions were tackled : 

  • Monitoring-evaluation concepts : monitoring-evaluation models, indicators and data, result-based management, etc … 
  • Monitoring-evaluation tools : Geographic Information System, remote-sensing 
  • GEF tools : tracking tools and Risk Assessment
  • Mapping and Collect Earth Tool (FAO)
MENA-DELP
MENA-DELP | Monitoring & Evaluation
Land Management
Studies & Reports
OSS
978-9938-933-05-5
2017

This atlas is meant to be used by decision-makers, development partners and the general public.
The purpose of the atlas, containing some 30 maps and graphs derived from an OSS regional study on the Iullemeden, Taoudeni/Tanezrouft Aquifer System, is to provide information on the availability and use of water resources in this region of seven countries (Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Nigeria).
The atlas also offers the reader illustrations concerning water and the strategic role it plays in transboundary cooperation, food security, health, and socio-economic development to help cope with global changes.

GICRESAIT
GICRESAIT Atlas
Water Resources Management
Atlas
978-9938-933-16-1
2017

This Atlas includes land cover maps of Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, and Tunisia. It is intended to decision-makers, development partners and the general public. 
Through some fifty maps and a brief multi-thematic explanation, this Atlas aspires to highlight the linkages between ecosystem services and populations livelihoods in desert areas and their potentialities.
The reader will also find illustrations about the major ecosystems of the project area and their role in transboundary cooperation and socio-economic development to address global changes.

MENA-DELP
MENA-DELP Atlas
Natural Resources Management
Atlas
OSS
978-9973-856-97-5
2017

The BRICKS project has been designed to facilitate the fulἀllment of these needs. In fact, the project provides a regional platform to spur exchanges with a view to conducting common actions among the 12 Sahel and West African countries of the SAWAP program. The common objective is to improve countries access to best practices and monitoring information in terms of sustainable land use and management in SAWAP portfolio.

Elaborated within the framework of the BRICKS project, the present guide represents a common core for the implementation of the monitoring and evautaion system of the SAWAP portfolio. It aims to consolidate and support the different monitoring and evaluation systems of the national projects.

BRICKS
Guide for the monitoring-evaluation
Environmental Monitoring & Biodiversity
Studies & Reports
OSS
978-9973-856-98-2
2016

The Sahara and Sahel Observatory (OSS) is a Tunis-based international intergovernmental organization created in 1992.

OSS specializes in environmental monitoring and natural resources management and operates in Africa’s Sahel-Sahara region. The main themes around which is structured the OSS work reflectthe major challenges faced by the region, including: land degradation, drought and impacts of climate change on ecosystems and populations.

BRICKS
Great Green Wall
Environmental Monitoring & Biodiversity
Advocacy
OSS
978-9973-856-64-7
2011

Following an international competitive bidding process by Sahara and Sahel Observatory (OSS), SEREFACO Consultants Limited was contracted to undertake this assignment on “Mapping, Assessment and Management of Transboundary Water Resources in the IGAD Sub-region Project Covering Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda”. The main objective of this consultancy service was to assess and analyze the water resources, socio-economic and environmental condition of the sub region and come up with a set of strategy, recommendations, and action plans to enable member states to implement and operate an integrated trans-boundary water resources management process. The project focused on acquiring data, information and knowledge to support more sustainable shared water resources management policies and strategies at national and sub-regional levels.

This report aims at presenting the major findings of the assignment and the proposed strategic recommendations and action plans thereof for moving forward with the implementation and operation of IWRM processes in the IGAD Sub region. In particular, the report includes:

A formulation of strategies for enhancing regional cooperation;
A framework and guidelines for regional procedures and coordination mechanisms for information production, dissemination and sharing;
An assessment of water resources in the IGAD Sub-region;
A socioeconomic assessment of water demand and use in the IGAD Sub-region;
An assessment of the key environmental issues affecting the IGAD countries;
Development of a regional database and GIS;
An elaboration of medium and long term capacity building strategies for planning and managing trans-boundary programmes;
The development of a road map for establishing a Transboundary River Basin Organization.
This project was financed by African Water Facility grant made available to IGAD for undertaking the study of the trans-boundary water resources of the sub-region excluding the Nile basin which is currently covered by the program of Nile Basin Initiative. OSS was the Client on behalf of IGAD in this assignment

IGAD
Overview & general recommendations
Water Resources Management
Studies & Reports
OSS
978-9973-856-27-2
2008

This note summarizes the results obtained from available documentation and consultations with key experts and practitioners. It draws lessons from past experiences while considering current development needs. The Great Green Wall Initiative, has not been conceived as a wall made up of trees planted across the Sahara, but rather as a set of cross-sectoral actions and interventions aimed at the conservation and protection of natural resources with a view to achieving development and, particularly, alleviating poverty.

Great Green Wall Initiative
Great Green Wall Initiative
Land Management
Advocacy
Ahmed Aïdoud
978-9973-856-32-6
2008

The long term ecological surveillance observatories network (Réseau d'observatoires de surveillance écologique à long terme, ROSELT/OSS) of the Sahara and Sahel Observatory (OSS) consists of a cluster of observatories which span circum-Saharan Africa and share a common focus on the issue of desertification. Since its inception, the network has been addressing the challenge of improving the collective knowledge on desertification; a scourge that has complex linkages with the issues of biodiversity and climate change.

Over the last ten years, OSS has put in place standardised protocols of data collection and processing in the circum-Sahara with a view to apprehending the trends characterising the evolution of the ROSELT/OSS observatories’ ecological and socio-economic systems. In this part of Africa, where rainfall decrease is chronic in the Sahel and spreading to North Africa, population growth and land use change—due to overgrazing or the conversion of rangelands into croplands—have adverse impacts on the environment. In addition, sand encroachment constitutes a serious threat to irrigated farmland. Biodiversity is equally affected, as several species face the danger of extinction due to human activities.

In the south of the Sahara, natural resource depletion is often among the causes for migration towards the zones where climate and life conditions are more favourable. This forced displacement is significantly less severe in the north of the Sahara where policies put in place by governments in the sub-region encourage sedentary lifestyles.

Based on the scientific reports of the ROSELT/OSS observatories, this publication provides an overview of the data management systems and the decision-support tools developed across the ROSELT/OSS network. It also highlights difficulties pertaining to environmental surveillance in North and West Africa.

ROSELT
ROSELT/OSS experience
Environmental Monitoring & Biodiversity
Studies & Reports
OSS
978-9973-856-56-2
2011

The Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis recommended by the Global Environment Fund has been applied to transboundary waters of the Iullemeden Aquifer System (IAS) shared by Mali, Niger and Nigeria. It allowed identifying three major transboundary risks namely (1) the reduction of resource availability, (2) degradation of water quality, and (3) the impact of variability / climate change.

Recognizing the need for a regional approach for shared groundwater management to face those transboundary risks for which efforts of one country cannot find a sustainable solution, the three countries committed themselves in a process of joint water resources management. Through this process, they plan to mitigate the negative impacts of these risks on their shared groundwater resources.

Through this process, policy and strategy elements for mitigating these risks have been developed as well as communication tools in order to promote an early warning system, a participatory approach to better manage these risks, and finally a mechanism for monitoring transboundary water resources. A Memorandum of Understanding with its roadmap was adopted by the three countries for establishing a consultation mechanism, a legal consultation for a joint management and equitable and rational of their common resources.

GICRESAIT
The consultative framework for managing transboundary risks
Water Resources Management
Studies & Reports
OSS
978-9973-856-29-6
2008
GICRESAIT
Iullemeden Aquifer System
Water Resources Management
Advocacy