Considered to be one of the most important compositions of trans-boundary terrestrial ecosystems in Africa, the W-Arly-Pendjari (WAP) complex benefits from considerable biological diversity which contributes to the economic and social development of the West African sub-region.
However, the WAP complex faces many threats resulting in loss of crops, loss of ecosystem services, degradation of the forest area and uncontrolled pastoral movements. These threats and pressures are exacerbated by the effects of climate change.
In order to face the various risks threatening the W-Arly-Pendjari complex (WAP), Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger have initiated with the support of the Sahara and Sahel Observatory (OSS) the process aimed at integrating climate change adaptation measures in the complex management tools through the AdaptWAP project. This process involves the development of a Climate Change Adaptation Plan (CCAP) and the implementation of approaches and tools for including climate change adaptation measures in the complex planning and management documents, in particular: i) the Development Master Plan (DMP), the Development and Management Plans (DMPs) of the protected areas and, iii) the Communal Development Plans (CDPs) of the Complex.
The CCAP is one of the instruments to support the complex sustainable management. To this end, it provides an overview of the impacts, vulnerability to climate risks of ecosystems and populations of the WAP complex, as well as the various priority adaptation options to be undertaken to cope with the negative effects of climate change in the area.
The WAP complex's climate change adaptation plan was adopted by the three countries as one of the operational implementation mechanisms of the complex's Executive Secretariat, which is currently being formalized. It will be the subject of a final presentation at the AdaptWAP regional workshop due on November 23-24, 2021 in Cotonou.